Andrei Andreev (ENG)

andreev

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Full Professor, teaches at the Chair of Russian History of the 19th and early 20th centuries at History Department of Lomonosov MSU. Member of Expert Board on History at Higher Attestation Commission of RF Ministry of Education, member of Expert Board of Russian Foundation for Humanities and Foundation on Awards in memory of Moscow Metropolitan Macarius (Bulgakov). Head of History Chair at Church-Wide Center for Post Graduate and Doctoral Training, professor at Chair of National History and Archival Studies at Saint-Tikhon Orthodox University of Humanities.

Member and leader of several international research projects on the history of higher education supported by RFH, German Research Foundation (DFG), Swiss National Foundation (SNF), Gerda-Henkel Foundation, German Historical Institute in Moscow (DHI).

Main research areas: internal politics, social thinking, culture, science and education in the Russian Empire; Russian universities in comparative context; Russia-Switzerland relations in the 18th and the 19th century; personality, reign and reforms of Alexander I.

Author of over 100 research papers, editor and author of a number of research collections and ‘Imperatorskiy Moskovskiy universitet. 1755-1917’ (Emperor’s Moscow University. 1755-1917) encyclopedic dictionary.

 

Main publications:

  • Император Александр I и Ф.-С. Лагарп. Письма. Документы. Том 1 (1782–1802). М.: РОССПЭН, 2014 (составление, вступительные статьи и комментарии совместно с Д. Тозато-Риго).
  • Университет в Российской империи XVIII – первой половины XIX века. М.: РОССПЭН, 2012 (коллективная  монография; общая редакция совместно с С.И. Посоховым).
  • Университетская идея в Российской империи XVIII – начала XX веков. Антология. М.: РОССПЭН, 2011 (составление совместно с С.И.      Посоховым).
  • Российские университеты XVIII – первой половины XIX века в контексте университетской истории Европы. М.: Знак, 2009.
  • Русские студенты в немецких университетах XVIII – первой половины      XIX века. М.: Знак, 2005.

 

The Formation of the Educational System of F.-C. Laharpe: European Ideals and Russian Practice

This paper refers to formation of Swiss F.-C. Laharpe as a teacher, educational ideas he brought to Saint-Petersburg to become tutor of Catherine’s II grandsons, grand dukes Alexander and Constantine. Originating from ideas of Locke and Rousseau Laharpe discussed his teaching concepts in correspondence with his Swiss friends and applied them first during Laharpe’s education mission in the Lanskoy family. Laharpe’s teaching activity in Russia was largely influenced by Russian realities he became familiar with. Quite in line with Rousseau’s spirit he always opposed ‚good traits‘ of the Russian people to spoilt manners of Saint-Petersburg court where only education can serve as an ‚antidote‘ and the way to preserve the best features of the personality. In a note Laharpe addressed to Catherine II the Swiss formulated a certain ‘educational standard’ directed not just to the grand dukes, but to Russia’s social elite in general. Also Laharpe played an important role as an intermediary for inviting Swiss tutors and tutoresses to Russia of the late 18th century, while in correspondence with the latter he tried to highlight the importance of Rousseau’s ideas and images of ´rural simplicity’ that predominated at that time in perception of teachers of Swiss descent by Russians.


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