Stefan Lehr (ENG)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAIn 1998 – 2004 he studied East-European and modern history, and the history of foreign affairs in Düsseldorf, Prague, Moscow and Krakow. In 2005 passed his Ph.D. defense at the University of Düsseldorf on the activities of German archivists in Poland and in the Ukraine during World War II. Since 2005 research fellow in the Department of History of Eastern Europe of the History Faculty of the University of Münster (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Historisches Seminar, Abteilung für Osteuropäische Geschichte), in 2010-2011 – annual scholar of the German Historical Institute in Moscow (DHI Moskau). Stefan Lehr is involved in the research project on the nobility in the Russian Empire in the second half of 18th and first half of 19th century (1780-s – 1840-s) based on the correspondence and ego-documents of Princes Golistyn and Counts Apraxine.

Main publications on the history of education:

Семейная переписка князя В.В. Голицына как источник по истории русского дворянства второй половины XVIII – первой половины XIX в. // Российская государственность: от истоков до современности. Collection of articles. Edited by Y.P. Anshakova. Samara, 2012. pp. 331-336.

Review of: Ivo Cerman: Habsburgischer Adel und Aufklärung. Bildungsverhalten des Wiener Hofadels im 18. Jahrhundert. Stuttgart 2010. 503 S., in: Das Historisch-Politische Buch 60 (2012) H. 4, S. 369-370.

Review of: А.В. Чудинов. Жильбер Ромм и Павел Строганов. История необычного союза. М.: НЛО, 2010, in: Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas / jgo.e-reviews, jgo.e-reviews 2012, 1, S. 25-26,

Review of: А.В. Белова. «Четыре возраста женщины». Повседневная жизнь русской провинциальной дворянки XVIII-середины XIX в. СПб.: Алетейя, 2010, in: Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas / jgo.e-reviews, jgo.e-reviews 2012, 1, S. 22,

Web page:


‘L’éducation est le principal objet’ [Education is the Main Object’]. The Practice of Education in the Noble Families of Golitsyn and Apraxine (1780-1840)

The paper will show education practices using the example of three generations of an aristocratic family. Their analysis makes it possible to understand general educational ideals and standards of the Russian nobility. The paper will study what educational concepts were used in the education of the aristocracy, who created them, and to what extent they have changed. On the basis of the correspondence between parents, educators, children and friends of the family, we will survey the training and education process of four children of spouses Princess Natalia Petrovna and Prince Vladimir Borisovich Golitsyn, from 1780s onwards. This process will also be presented on the example of the second and third generations of this family: children Catherine (daughter of N.P. Golitsyna) and Stepan Apraxine and their grandchildren.

Keynotes of the paper: 1. Education played a very important role in the circles of the wealthy Russian nobility, and a Russian nobleman was an active and independent figure in the educational process. 2. The provided education was elitist and private, i.e. non-public and under a strict supervision of the family. 3. The idea of the style of education and the practice of its acquisition varied for different generations: the first generation made a Grand Tour around Western Europe (1782-1791), the second received private education in Russia (1806-1811), and representatives of the third generation already studied at MoscowUniversity (1830-1840).

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