Anna Vyacheslavovna Stogova (ENG)

Stogova photoCandidate (PhD) of historical sciences (2001), “The phenomenon of friendship in the perception and social practices of European intellectuals of the 17th century”. Senior research fellow at the Center for Gender History, Institute of Universal History of Russian Academy of Sciences, Deputy chief editor of the gender history almanac “Adam & Eve”. Associate Professor, Department of History and Theory of Culture at Socio-Cultural Research department of Russian State Humanitarian University.

Scientific interests: Early Modern history, intellectual history, Early Modern culture, history of perceptions, everyday history, micro-history, gender history, social history. Main area of research – perceptions and social practices of communication in early Modern Europe (perceptions and practices of friendship, norms and practices of epistolary communication, private communication space, ideals of sociability, gender stereotypes of communication, etc.).

Main publications on education topics:

  • Превратности дружбы, или наставления для юной леди XVII столетия // Социальная история. Ежегодник. 2000. М.: РОССПЭН, 2000. С.247-267.
  • «Добрый друг»: социальная идентичность придворного времен Анны Австрийской и Людовика XIV // Мир Клио: Сборник статьей в честь Л.П. Репиной. Ч.1. М.: Изд-во ИВИ РАН, 2007. С. 374-396.
  • Дружеское письмо во французских письмовниках к. XVI – н. XVIII // Диалог со временем. 25.1. 2008. С. 109-138.
  • Наставления о дружбе епископа Джереми Тейлора в контексте интеллектуальной культуры Англии XVII в. // Интеллектуальные традиции в прошлом и настоящем (исследования и переводы / Сост. и ред. М.С. Петрова. М.: ИВИ РАН, 2012. С. 190-198.
  • [translation] Ж. Дю Боск. Почтенная дама // Гендерная история Западной Европы: Хрестоматия. Кн.7. М.: ИВИ РАН, 2008. С. 134-142.
  • [translation] Тейлор Дж. Рассуждение о природе и обязанностях дружбы в ответ на письмо наиискуснейшей и превосходнейшей М.К.Ф. (миссис Кэтрин Филипс) // Интеллектуальные традиции в прошлом и настоящем (исследования и переводы) / Сост. и ред. М.С. Петрова. М.: ИВИ РАН, 2012. С. 199-204.

Websites: http://culture.rsuh.ru/article.html?id=2629568

https://igh.academia.edu/AnnaStogova/Papers

genderhistory@gmail.com

Friendship as a Behavioral Imperative in England and France

in the Second Half of the 17th – Early 18th Century

In the 17th century the friendly discourse in English and French culture exists in a variety of contexts and develops in its own logic respectively, but at the same time we can see a lot of correlations: juxtaposition of Protestant image of God as a perfect friend to the mundane friendship and Augustinian rigor towards imperfections of earthly affections, the image of revolutionary times royalists as loyal friends of the king and Fronde rhetoric of a true friendship, etc. And in the second half of 17th – early 18th century we can see how friendship transforms from an almost spontaneous emotional affection (as Montaigne wrote, “because it was him, and because it was myself”) to a virtue of the truly well-educated person, and therefore appears in the field of skills and qualities that require training and improvement.

Friendship issues appear in the didactic writings addressed not only to noble boys, but also girls, and theoretical considerations of friendship, as many researchers have stressed, will be developed for the most part of the 18th century in line with the prescriptive texts. In edifying treatises to noble children, letter books claiming for reflection of norms applicable at the court, treatises on friendship, the latter starts to be presented as an ideal behavioral model of a secular person of high social status with all the benefits and burdens of such status. Because of this, it is inscribed in the range of concepts that describe this ideal behavioral model of a well-educated nobleman/noblewoman with all its national, social and gender differences (honnête homme, gentleman, gentlewoman, civilité, courtesy, etc.). This contributes to a more precise regulation of the companionship “rules”, the need to respect those and the risk of their violation in accordance with the educational objectives are associated with the need to maintain a certain reputation in the eyes of the society, and not with the needs of friendly relations themselves. All this converts the “right” model of relationships with friends into an integral component of the public image and reputation of a well-bred nobleman/noblewoman.


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