Yekaterina Tumanik explains how Major General N. N. Muraviev shaped military engineering education in Russia. Muraviev’s views were shaped by the experiences of educating his own sons for military service but also considered progressive trends.
Wladimir Berelowitch looks at the educational plans and curriculae that started to emerge in the 1750s and 1760s in Russia and served as a guide for families, teachers and tutors. Furthermore, he analyses the differences and similarities of the plans and looks at the authors. How did the curriculum of a future member of the military looked when compared that to a civilian?
Dmitry Alexeevich Redin examines Russian literature that has always been significantly immersed in a topical context, to some extent rivaling or even, in certain periods, replacing journalism. He focuses on the short story by V. А. Sollogub “Tarantas” (“The carriage”) in which the author gives a satirical, but very detailed picture of an “anti-ideal” of noble education (on the example of one of the personas of the short story, Ivan Vasilievich).
In order to stop the spread of French in the intellectual life, Empress Maria Fyodorovna opened a “class of tutoresses” in Moscow’s Foster Home to train home teachers able to replace foreign tutors in the noble families. As a result young women, who not only did not have any idea about the noble way of life, but most of them have not ever lived in a family, had to convey the aristocratic culture ideals to the provincial nobility. Maya Lavrinovich examines the education of said tutoresses.
Many outstanding figures of Russian history and culture as well as dignified representatives of the Russian nobility belonged to the Sheremetev Family. The family preferred home tutoring for their children. Olga Solodyankina examines sources that give insight into the requirements for tutors, the content of their teaching, their pay and the involvement of the parents.
Galina Smagina examines the ideals of women’s education promoted by Jacob Staehlin in his work “Plan of Education for a Young Aristocratic Lady” (1778). Besides humanities Staehlin also stressed the importance of sciences and sets clear educational goals for both.
Andrei Andreev examines the educational ideals F.-C. Laharpe brought to the court of Catherine II. He invited more Swiss tutors and tutoresses to Russia and formulated educational standards not only for the grand dukes he taught but also the social elite in general.
In her talk Olga Kosheleva examines the strategies of politeness in Russian speech. Whereas in Russia it was considered polite to be straightforward and telling the truth to one’s face, foreigners considered this to be rude. She examines guidebooks that were supposed to help adolescents manage these crosscultural differences.
Lyudmila Posokhova tries to reconstruct education strategies and programs for children of regiment and Sotnia Starshinas (higher ranks) in the Hetmanate and Sloboda Ukraine in the 18th century with the help of ego-documents of Starshina family members.
The standards of how the education for the Russian nobility should look like were contested. In his talk Vladislav Rjeoutski demonstrates what practices were rejected by students and teachers, how this resistance was expressed and where the criticism lay.
SOLODIANKINA Olga (Cherepovets), Educational Ideals and Practices in the Sheremetiev Family (18th – Early 19th Century) (RUS)
LAVRINOVITCH Maya (Moscow), ‘… You Will Find in Your Masters Your Protectors and in the Children Entrusted to You – Your Friends’: How a ‘New Breed’ of Governesses for Noble Children was Trained at the Beginning of the 19th Century (RUS)
REDIN Dmitri (Ekaterinburg), How Ivan Vasilievich Was Brought Up (Short Story by V.A. Sollogub ‘Tarantas’) and Noble Education in the Russian Literature of the First Half of the 19th Century (RUS)
V. Что говорят нам источники? Председатель: Сандра Дальке
СОЛОДЯНКИНА Ольга (Череповец), Воспитательные идеалы и практики рода Шереметевых (XVIII – начало XIX в.) (RUS)
ЛАВРИНОВИЧ Майя (Москва), ‘… Вы найдете в господах ваших покровителей, а в вверенных вам детях – друзей…’: как готовили «новую породу» гувернанток для дворянских детей в начале XIX века (RUS)
РЕДИН Дмитрий (Екатеринбург), Как воспитывали Ивана Васильевича (повесть В.А. Соллогуба ‘Тарантас’) и проблемы дворянского воспитания в русской художественной прозе первой половины XIX в. (RUS)